Aptitude & Logical Reasoning Quiz – 4

Reshma and Praveena are ranked ninth and thirteenth from the top in a class of 57 students. What will be their respective ranks from the bottom of the class?

Explanation: Given
Total number of students = 57
Reshma's rank from top = 9
Praveena's rank from top = 13
Reshma's rank From Bottom = (57 - 9) + 1
= 48 + 1 = 49
Reshma is 49th rank from the bottom.
Praveena's rank From Bottom = (57 - 13) + 1
= 44 + 1= 45
Praveena is 45th rank from the bottom.
Thus 49, 45 is the correct answer.

If each alternate letter in the word 'MENTION' starting with M is changed to the next letter in the English alphabetical series and each of the remaining letters is changed to the previous letter in the English alphabetical series, then how many letters will appear more than once in the new arrangement?

Explanation: According to given instruction, new arrangement is:
M + 1 position = N
E - 1 position = D
N + 1 position = O
T - 1 position = S
I + 1 position = J
O - 1 position = N
N + 1 position = O
Thus the new arrangement is "NDOSJNO".
Here, two letters "N" and "O" appears twice.

Find the odd one out

Explanation: All except Sarnath are famous battlefields.

Two statements I and II are given. These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statements. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choice correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.
I. The Government has reduced the prices of petroleum products by five percent a week after increasing the prices by ten percent.
II. The rate of inflation dropped marginally during the last week.

Explanation: Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

Statement: In spite of the heavy rains the traffic has not been disrupted this year.
I. The traffic is disrupted in rainy seasons only.
II. Rains do not affect traffic movement.
III. Adequate precautions were taken for traffic management during rainy season.

Explanation: The statement expresses surprise at the traffic situation remaining normal even after rains. This means that rains affect traffic. So, II is not implicit. But this does not mean that only rains affect traffic. So, I is also not implicit. Since the traffic was not affected during rains as expected, so III is implicit.


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