Engineering is an inter-disciplinary field of study. Mechanical, electronic and computer engineering continue to be popular options for students as the theories of these areas are integrated in all upcoming technologies like automated machines and ‘smart’ communication devices which incorporate artificial intelligence, robotics and the internet of things. Here are a few other upcoming options students can consider.
This field of engineering is in the limelight as it enables researchers to design cost effective satellites, aircraft, spacecraft and spacelaunch capabilities. Aeronautical engineers work with aircraft that stay within as well as outside the earth’s atmosphere such as aeroplanes, helicopters, rockets, satellites and spacecraft.
Subjects taught: Avionics, airplane performance stability and control, instrumentation, aerodynamics, gas dynamics, wind tunnel testing, wind engineering, vibration and aero elasticity, air navigation, aircraft evaluation, rockets and missiles, computational fluid dynamics, automatic flight control systems, radio and communication, flight dynamics.
Offered at: Indian Institute of Technology (Bombay, Madras, Kharagpur, Kanpur), Hindustan University, Chennai; Indian Institute of Aeronautical Engineering, Dehradun.
Genetic engineering is leading to innovative solutions in the agro and medical world. Applications in agriculture have led to higher yield and hybrid varieties of crops. Human genetic engineering, though upcoming, is still in its nascent stages.It aims to improve medical diagnostics and cure genetically related aberrations.
Subjects taught: Biology of vectors, recombinant DNA technology, gene therapy, genome mapping, stem cell biology and microarray technology. Research projects include sequencing of chloroplast genome, DNA barcoding of organisms, RNA interference in plants, molecular diagnosis of viral pathogens, stem cell study, etc.
Offered at: SRM University in Chennai; Bharath University, Chennai; Aryabhatta Knowledge University, Patna. Some IITs offer genetic engineering courses as electives within broader fields such as biotechnology or biological sciences.
This field of engineering applies its principles to chemistry, genetics, biochemistry and microbiology. It uses technology to understand and research bio-organisms, micro-organisms and all living cell functions.
Subjects taught: Applications of bio-technology in areas like genetics, energy, virology, ecology, immunology, biophysics, biostatistics, fisheries, biochemistry, pharmacology, microbiology , molecular biology, insecticides, fertilizers, animal husbandry, etc.
Offered at: IITs (Kanpur, Roorkee and Guwahati); NIT Warangal; NSIT Delhi; Thapar University; Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT); Delhi Technological University; Anna University; BIT Mesra; Maulana Azaad National Institute of Technology; University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun.
Petroleum engineering focuses on exploration and production of oil and gas. Students gain a thorough knowledge of all major technical aspects of the hydrocarbon value-chain and strategic techno commercial issues relevant to the domain.
Subjects taught: Rock and fluid properties, petroleum production, system design petroleum refining and petrochemical technology, safe ty, health and environment man agement, enhanced oil recovery, petroleum engineering economics, membrane technology, separation processes, hydrogen and fuel cells, environmental regulation of oil and gas, reservoir simulation, drilling process design and optimisation, pipeline transportation of oil and gas, strengths of materials, corro sion engineering, energy conserva tion and recovery, gas turbines, etc.
Offered at: IIT Mumbai, Indian School of Mines University (ISM), Dhanbad; Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology (RGIPT); University of Petroleum & Energy Studies (UPES); Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University (PDPU); Maharashtra Institute of Technology (MIT) Pune;MS Engineering College, Bengaluru; LD College of Engineering Ahmedabad; GH Patel College of Engineering, Gujarat.
This engineering specialisation aims to help mankind meet the needs of the planet. The curriculum deals with energy efficiency, energy services, facility management, plant engineering, environmental compliance and alternative energy technologies. Students also explore renewable sources of energy like hydro, solar, biomass, or geothermal.
Students are trained in subjects like thermo-dynamics, heat and mass transfer, thermal engineering, fluid mechanics, turbomachines, conventional energy technologies, renewable energy technologies, energy conservation, audit and management and electro-mechanical energy conversion.
Subjects taught: Drilling engineering and well completion, rock mechanics and geo-technical engineering mineral exploration and mining geology, GIS and satellite navigation systems, geophysical data acquisition: processing and interpretation of analytical methods in geo-science, structural geology, exploration law, environmental science and production logging.
Offered at: IIT Kharagpur and UPES in Dehradun. BITS Pilani and Manipal Institute of Technology offer mechanical engineering with an energy pathway.