General Knowledge Quiz – 41

Q.1 The Bedaquiline drug launched by the health ministry is used to treat?

Bedaquiline, sold under the brand name Sirturo, is a medication used to treat active tuberculosis. It is specifically used to treat multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) when other treatment cannot be used. It should be used along with at least three other medications for tuberculosis. It is used by mouth

Q.2 Which of the following virus is responsible for diarrhoea among infants and young children?

Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day. It often lasts for a few days and can result in dehydration due to fluid loss. Signs of dehydration often begin with loss of the normal stretchiness of the skin and irritable behaviour. This can progress to decreased urination, loss of skin color, a fast heart rate, and a decrease in responsiveness as it becomes more severe

Q.3 Who has won the FIFA world player award for 2015?

The FIFA World Player of the Year is an association football award presented annually by the sport's governing body, FIFA, since 1991. Originally an honour awarded to world's best men's player from 1991–2000, it was awarded to both men and women from 2001–2009. Since 2010, it has been presented exclusively to the best women's player. Coaches and captains of international teams and media representatives selected the player they deem to have performed the best in the previous calendar year.

Q.4 West-Indies won the ICC T20 World Cup 2016 by defeating which team?

The ICC World Twenty20 (also referred to as the World T20, and colloquially as the T20 World Cup) is the international championship of Twenty20 cricket. Organised by cricket's governing body, the International Cricket Council (ICC), the tournament currently consists of 16 teams, comprising all ten ICC full members and six other associate or affiliate members chosen through the World Twenty20 Qualifier. All matches played are accorded Twenty20 International status.

Q.5 Ustad Ali Ahmad Hussain Khan, who passed away on 16th March 2016, was exponent in which musical instrument?

Ali Ahmed Hussain Khan (March 21, 1939 – March 16, 2016) was a shehnai specialist from India. He was born in Kolkata. His grandfather Wazir Ali Khan was the first to demonstrate Indian classical music on shehnai at Buckingham Palace. His father Ali Jan Khan and uncle Nazir Hussain Khan and Imdad Hussain Khan of Benares were also renowned shehnai specialists. He died after a long illness on March 16, 2016.

Q.6 Who is the first Indian classical musician to perform at United Nations?

Classical Music is a genre of South Asian music. It has two major traditions. The North Indian classical music tradition is called Hindustani, while the South Indian expression is called Carnatic. These traditions were not distinct till about the 16th century. There on, during the turmoils of Islamic rule period of the Indian subcontinent, the traditions separated and evolved into distinct forms. However, the two systems continue to have more common features than differences. It has a well roted base from the basic concept of production of sound(called as "NADAM" in telugu)

Q.7 Google’s computer programme AlphaGo is related to which of the following?

AlphaGo is a narrow AI computer program that plays the board game Go. It was developed by Alphabet Inc.'s Google DeepMind in London in October 2015. It became the first Computer Go program to beat a human professional Go player without handicaps on a full-sized 19×19 board.

Q.8 The National Institute of Naturopathy located in which city ?

Naturopathy or naturopathic medicine is a form of pseudoscientific, alternative medicine that employs an array of practices branded as "natural", "non-invasive", and as promoting "self-healing." The ideology and methods of naturopathy are based on vitalism and folk medicine, rather than evidence-based medicine.

Q.9 Which of the following place was located in Maharashtra?

The Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra state of India are about 29 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments which date from the 2nd century BCE to about 480 or 650 CE. According to UNESCO, these are masterpieces of Buddhist religious art that influenced Indian art that followed. Ellora is one of the largest rock-cut monastery-temple caves complexes in the world, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Maharashtra, India. The site presents monuments and artwork of Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism from the 600-1000 CE period.

Q.10 If mach number is greater than 1 then the body is called as:

In fluid dynamics, the Mach number (M or Ma) is a dimensionless quantity representing the ratio of flow velocity past a boundary to the local speed of sound. M = u \ c where: M is the Mach number, u is the local flow velocity with respect to the boundaries (either internal, such as an object immersed in the flow, or external, like a channel), and c is the speed of sound in the medium. By definition, Mach 1 is equal to the speed of sound. Mach 0.65 is 65% of the speed of sound (subsonic), and Mach 1.35 is 35% faster than the speed of sound (supersonic).

Feed You Brain

What is artificial gravity?
Artificial gravity is the varying of gravity using artificial means. It is used largely in space, but also on Earth. It can be achieved by the use of different forces, in particular, centrifugal force and (for short periods) linear acceleration. The creation of artificial gravity is considered desirable for long-term space travel or habitation. It allows for ease of mobility and helps to avoid the adverse health effects of weightlessness in the absence of gravity.

What is the history of the courier service?
Courier services began during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with small companies running them in a handful of cities across the US. Few homes had telephones and personal messages had to be carried by hand. Some early companies provided delivery of luggage and other packages. With the rise of large retail and department stores in the early twentieth century, package delivery services became more popular. The services grew over the next several decades.

What is the history of Sudoku?
The 18th-century Swiss mathematician Leonhard Eulu apparently developed the concept of a “Latin square”, where a number in a grid appears only once, across, up and down. Dell Magazine in the US began publishing in the 1970s what is now known as Sudoku. It was developed by an independent puzzle maker, Howard Games. “Su” in Japanese means number and “Doku” refers to an asingle place on the puzzle board that each number can fit into. In the mid-80s, the president of Japanese puzzle giant Nikoli made major contributions to Sudoku and since then it has become very popular.

What is the origin of the phrase “touch wood” ?
To touch wood or knock on wood is a superstitious action meant to ward off evil consequences or bad luck. The origin is unknown, though some writers have pointed to pre-Christian rituals involving the spirits of sacred trees such as the oak, ash, holly or hawthorn. There’s also a belief that the knocking prevents the devil from hearing unwise comments.

Which was the first cricket match broadcast on the radio?
The first radio commentary was broadcast in 1922 in Australia covering a testimonial match for Charles Bannerman, at the Sydney Cricket Ground. The commentator was Lionell Watt. In 1927, BBC attempted its first radio broadcast of a cricket test, for a match between Essex and New Zealand, and the commentator was Plum Warner. However, BBC did not pursue the idea for about 10 years, as it was not considered a success. Reviving the idea, BBC launched its first ball-by-ball commentary on June 24, 1938, for the second test of the Ashes series between Australia and England. All India Radio started commentary in the early 1940s.

What is the origin of lipsticks?
Women have, as a part of their makeup, always reddened their lips ever since the dawn of civilization. There is evidence to suggest that the practice existed 5,000 years ago in Babylon, where a paste made by crushing precious stones was used. In ancient Egypt, lipstick made of chemicals was used for some time but was found poisonous. In ancient India, the effect of applying lipstick was achieved by chewing betel leaf. Lipstick, as we know it today, was introduced in England in the 16th century by Queen Elizabeth I. It attained wide popularity after World War-II.


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