Source: Compiled by ALLEN Career Institute

Q.1 When was the first human heart transplant operation, which was performed by Dr. Christian Bernard on Louis Washkansky conducted?

Christiaan Neethling Barnard (8 November 1922 – 2 September 2001) was a South African cardiac surgeon who performed the world's first human-to-human heart transplant on December 3, 1967. He retired as Head of the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery in Cape Town in 1983 after developing rheumatoid arthritis in his hands which ended his surgical career.

Q.2 Where can Coral reefs are found in India?

Coral reefs are diverse underwater ecosystems held together by calcium carbonate structures secreted by corals. Coral reefs are built by colonies of tiny animals found in marine water that contain few nutrients. Most coral reefs are built from stony corals, which in turn consist of polyps that cluster in groups.

Q.3 The United Nations Organization has its Headquarters at

The United Nations is headquartered in New York City, in a complex designed by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer. The complex has served as the official headquarters of the United Nations since its completion in 1952. It is located in the Turtle Bay neighborhood of Manhattan, on spacious grounds overlooking the East River.

Q.4 For seeing objects at the surface of water from a submarine under water, the instrument used is

A periscope is an instrument for observation over, around or through an object, obstacle or condition that prevents direct line-of-sight observation from an observer's current position.

Q.5 How many ALLEN Classroom Students bring glory to India by winning SILVER Medals in IBO 2017 held in the United Kingdom?

The International Biology Olympiad e.V. (IBO) is an association that organizes a yearly Biology competition for secondary school students, who are winners of their respective National Biology Olympiad. Their skills in tackling biological problems, and dealing with biological experiments are tested. Interest in biology, inventiveness, creativity and perseverance are necessary. In bringing together gifted students, the IBO competition tries to challenge and stimulate these students to expand their talents and to promote their career as scientists. A very important point is gathering young people from over the world in an open, friendly and peaceful mind. Every participating country sends four students. They are accompanied by two team leaders who represent the country.

Q.6 Who created the famous Rock Garden of Chandigarh?

The Rock Garden of Chandigarh is a sculpture garden in Chandigarh, India, also known as Nek Chand's Rock Garden after its founder Nek Chand, a government official who started the garden secretly in his spare time in 1957. Today it is spread over an area of 40 acres (161874.25 m²). It is completely built of industrial and home waste and thrown-away items.

Q.7 The biggest part of the brain is-

The cerebrum is the largest part of the human brain, making up about two-thirds of the brain's mass. It has two hemispheres, each of which has four lobes: frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital.

Q.8 NASA’s most famous space telescope goes by the name?

A telescope is an optical instrument that aids in the observation of remote objects by collecting electromagnetic radiation (such as visible light). The first known practical telescopes were invented in the Netherlands at the beginning of the 17th century, by using glass lenses. They found use in both terrestrial applications and astronomy.

Q.9 How many ALLEN students sung the National Anthem along with citizens of Kota together on 71st Independence Day and created a Historical Record

71st Independence Day in Seven Wonders Town, Kota became memorable in the celebration of Independence Day, the programs organized here have created history not only in the country but at the International level. Many such records were made on this day which was recorded in Kota’s name on the Golden Book of World Records. Students’ enthusiasm on the occasion of Love and Independence Day for the nation was likely to be seen for the first time since independence. Here, the ALLEN Career Institute, 25,000 Science students of Kota, saluted the tricolor singing the national anthem together. The 52-second country’s name through this program was attempted by the ALLEN Career Institute to connect students to the nation. For the first time on Kota’s land, this kind of Independence Day event was organized in which many records were created simultaneously. The program took place at the Landmark campus located in Kunhadi area, where 25 thousand students of ALLEN Career Institute gathered for the Independence Day celebrations. The program started with a prayer here at 7.30 am in the morning. ALLEN Directors Sh. Govind Maheshwari, Sh. Rajesh Maheshwari, Sh. Navin Maheshwari and Sh. Brajesh Maheshwari jointly prayed with the students. After the prayer the Chief guests were welcomed. District collector Sh. Rohit Gupta, Senior Congress leader and former minister Sh. Shanti Dhariwal, Kota-Bundi Lok Sabha MP Sh. Om Birla, Kota North MLA Sh. Prahalad Gunjal, Kota South MLA Sh. Sandeep Sharma, City Development Trust Chairman Sh. RK Mehta, many public representatives and dignitaries were present at this grand occasion. These records were made in Kota : - 1. Together more than 25 thousand Science Students sang the National Anthem. 2. More than 25000 students attended the Independence Day celebrations by wearing a tricolor sticker and tattoo on their faces 3. More than 25000 students simultaneously made heart sign with both hands. 4. 25,000 Medical students showed Red Cross sign. 5. Under the social concerns, more than 25000 students appeared with the slogan of “Beti Bachao-Beti Padao” and took the resolution. 6. Under Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, the 25000 students took the pledge of Green Kota – Clean Kota. 7. 25000 students simultaneously saluted the National Flag with the mobile flash lights and took selfie with the tricolor.

Q.10 Which is the country which has the Great Barrier Reef?

The Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest coral reef system composed of over 2,900 individual reefs and 900 islands stretching for over 2,300 kilometres (1,400 mi) over an area of approximately 344,400 square kilometres (133,000 sq mi). The reef is located in the Coral Sea, off the coast of Queensland, Australia.

Feed Your Brain With Puzzles

Answers of Puzzles asked in Quiz-44

Puzzle – 1 :  Lift Man (लिफ्टवाला)”
Puzzle – 2 : प्रश्न में ही Answer है, ध्यान से पढ़ियें… यहाँ 1 टेबल पर है, और 2 प्लेट में है, तो हो गये न तीन… तीन Apple तीनों को मिलेगे न…
Puzzle – 3 :  5 रू. विक्रय मूल्य – 3 रू. लाभ = 2 रू. क्रय मूल्य
इसलिए, यदि विक्रय मूल्य 10 रू. हो तो,
लाभ = विक्रय मूल्य – क्रय मूल्य = 10 – 2 = 8 रू.
Puzzle – 4 :  पहले 3 लिटर के डिब्बे में पानी भर कर 1 बार 5 लिटर के डिब्बे में पानी भरें, अब दूसरी बार भी 3 लिटर के डिब्बे पानी भर कर 5 लिटर वाले डिब्बे में पानी भरें, 5 लिटर का डिब्बा पुरा भर जायेगा, और 3 लिटर के डिब्बे में बाकी बचा हुआ पानी 1 लिटर है ।
Puzzle – 5 :  [कागज (Paper)]
आखिर का मिटे – काग – कौआ (Crow)
पहला मिटे तो – गज – हाथी (Elephant)
बीच का मिटे – काज – कार्य (Work)

5 NASA Invantions You Wont’t Believe

5. Nanoceramics Cure Cancer, Make Hair Shiny

While working as a NASA scientist specializing in nanomaterials (which are 10,000 times smaller than a human hair), Dr. Dennis Morrison developed nanoceramics, which could be formed into tiny balloons called microcapsules. These little balloons could be filled with cancer-fighting drugs and injected into solid tumors.
Where, you’re wondering, does space come into this process? In order to create the microscopic membrane around the liquid drugs, the microcapsules had to be formed in low-Earth orbit. Dr. Morrison’s ceramic nanoparticles contained metals that would react when the patient was subjected to a magnetic field, like what’s used in an MRI diagnostic machine. The capsules would melt, and the drugs would be released to fight the cancerous tumor.
It turns out that Dr. Morrison’s ceramic-magnetic particles were good for more than fighting tumors — they could also fight frizz. When incorporated into Farouk Systems’s hairstyling iron and heated, the nanoparticles released ions that made hair smooth and shiny

4 Reflective Coatings Save Skylab, Manatees

When the Skylab space-based laboratory was set in position in 1973, a solar panel fell off during the launch, which kept another solar panel from deploying properly once in orbit. These panels had to be replaced — and fast. NASA turned to National Metalizing, a firm it had worked with previously, to create a new panel that would be ready to go into space in 10 days.
National Metalizing had originally developed reflective materials for NASA in the 1950s, so it was able to deliver the necessary thin plastic material coated in vaporized aluminum in time. The material can deflect or conserve radiant energy, depending on which is required — to keep something cool or to warm it up. This flexible reflective material proved so useful, it was inducted into the Space Technology Hall of Fame in 1996.
A former director of the company took this technology, which has been in the public domain for decades, and started a new company, Advanced Flexible Materials. The same materials used to protect Skylab now protects marathon runners from hypothermia after a race, as well as manatees, which can suffer from hypothermia at 60 degrees Fahrenheit (15.6 degrees Celsius), while they’re being tagged by researchers.

3. Deformable Mirrors — Not for the Fun House

Any space nerd who remembers the Hubble Space Telescope launch in 1990 remembers seeing pictures and news videos of the giant mirrors being polished to perfection — or as close as humans can get, anyway. Minor flaws in the surface could obscure important discoveries.
Hubble and its amazing sheets of optical glass paved the way for the Terrestrial Planet Finder and its deformable mirrors, which will have 100 times the imaging power of its predecessor when NASA launches it in the near future. Deformable mirrors don’t need to be absolutely perfect the first time out — they can adjust their positions to correct for blurring or distortion, which in space can be caused by temperature, lack of gravity or getting bumped during launch.
Deformable mirrors are not so new; they were proposed by astronomers in the 1950s and developed by the United States Air Force in the 1970s. Each system consists of the deformable mirror itself, a sensor that measures any aberrations it finds hundreds of times a second, and a small computer that receives the sensor’s readings and tells the mirror how to move to correct for the problem.

2. Nanotubes Look for Life on Mars

No matter what the movies have been telling us for decades, Martians are not likely to be humanoid, sentient beings. They won’t have ray guns or space suits. If there is life on Mars, it will be very, very small, and probably not too far up the evolution ladder. Pity.
In order to find such small forms of life, small detectors were necessary. Enter nanotubes, which is a fun word to say. Scientists at the Ames Research Center developed carbon nanotubes, each 1/50,000th the diameter of a human hair, that can conduct heat and electricity. Each nanotube is tipped with single strands of nucleic acid (the “NA” in “DNA”) from a microorganism. When it comes into contact with a matching strand, the pair form a double helix and send a faint electrical charge through the nanotubes. This charge is how anyone looking at the biosensor, as the tiny apparatus is called, knows life has been detected.
Sadly, no life has yet been found on Mars, but these biosensors are being put to good use on Earth. Tipping the nanotubes with waterborne pathogens like E. Coli and Cryptosporidium means an analyst can get results from the biosensor in the field within two hours — no lab work required.

1. Mars Missions Create Tough Armor

When the Mars Pathfinder (1997) and Mars Rover (2004) missions landed on the Red Planet, they landed hard. These were unmanned missions, of course, with some guidance from engineers on Earth — but not as much as they’d like. The equipment was designed to crash land, gently, with a cage of airbags to cushion the fall from space.
Obviously, not just any airbag would work. NASA required the material to be lightweight and able to withstand extreme temperatures for the interplanetary flight. The material also had to be tough enough to keep the airbags inflated as the whole apparatus bounced along the rocky, sharp surface of Mars.
NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory worked with Warwick Mills, the company that had woven the reentry parachutes for the Apollo missions in the 1960s, to create a layered, coated, liquid-crystal polyester fiber that would fit the bill.
Warwick took the technology and ran with it, creating TurtleSkin protective gear that can withstand punctures from needles, knives and even bullets. The flexibility of the tightly woven fabric, which helped keep the Mars landers safe, now also keeps military and police officers safe.

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