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Meet India’s First Female Dastango – the Woman Reviving a 13th Century Urdu Art Form

Tucked away in Old Delhi’s decrepit walls and dilapidated homes, is a treasure trove of stories, Fouzia Dastango makes come alive, as she takes her seat in the usual vajrasana on the white mattress, the colour of which matches her traditional attire of salwar kameez.Her voice and story are the weapons she plays by, no audio-visual support, nor music. A little laughter, a grimace, a sigh, a thundering screech – she uses uncountable modulations to express the complexities of human emotions and transports her audience to the world of stories of imminent Urdu writers like Ashraf Subohi Dehelvi, Ismat Chugtai, Intizar Hussain and others.An oral Urdu storytelling tradition, it has the dastango or storyteller whose voice is his main artistic tool at the centre.While it originated in Persia, the art form travelled to Delhi and other parts of India, with the spread of Islam. It reached its pinnacle during the sepoy mutiny of 1857, when a number of Dastangos migrated to Lucknow, and popularized the art form in the city. Enjoyed by all classes in Oudh, the artform died for a while with the demise of Mir Baqar Ali in 1928, to be only revived in 2005.The earliest reference in print is a 19th-century text chronicling the adventures of Amir Hamza titled Dastan-e-Amir-Hamza. Indian poet and Urdu critic Shamsur Rahman Faruqi and his nephew, writer, director Mahmood Farooqui, played significant roles in its revival in the 21st century.This Jasola-based dauntless storyteller was born and brought up in a lower-middle class family in Old Delhi, an influence and charm that reflects in her enchanting stories.

Growing up, money was always tight and she remembers how daily finances were discussed in hushed whispers by her humble scooter mechanic father and homemaker mother who struggled to make ends meet.But that did not deter them from inculcating in a young Fouzia, a love for stories.While kids her age would throw tantrums asking their parents for toys and chocolates, a young Fouzia was different.Collecting the little bit of pocket money, her Abbu could afford shelling out, amounting to a few paisas (an old Indian currency), she would march hand-in-hand with him and her brother to the Sunday market. Counting and recounting if it made up the exact amount, she’d spend them on comics and the Urdu children’s monthly magazine of the yore– ‘Khilona.’She grew up on an appetite of stories.She completed her schooling from a government Urdu-medium school and moved on to completing her honours in Sociology and Masters in education planning and administration from Jamia Millia Islamia.Despite being strongly attracted to performing arts, Fouzia was shackled by lack of opportunities.“Belonging to a government school there weren’t many opportunities, I could showcase my talent. We weren’t taught theatre, drama, singing or dancing. The resources were so minimal that the fact we were studying was a major achievement,” she says.In Grade 11, Fouzia was exposed to the beauty of theatre for the first time upclose when her teacher Nateef Ma’am, took the entire class to watch her the play, Rustom aur Sohrab, part of the 10th-century Persian epic Shahnameh by Persian poet Ferdowsi.

“I remember being bedazzled and in that moment I dreamt of doing theatre myself. But I was quickly came back to earth from that fantasy. I knew I had to get a job to alleviate the financial burden on my family.”She started taking tuitions at home right from Class 7 all through college to pay for her own education. As a young student at Jamia, she would attend her morning classes and take tuitions starting evening until 10 pm in the night.It wasn’t until 2006, that she had her first encounter with the Urdu art form. She kept telling her my friend Prabhat, about how she wanted to do something new and exciting related to performing arts. And he immediately quipped asking, “Have you ever watched Dastangoi?”She tagged along to a show, where modern dastangos who revived the tradition in India, Mahmood Farooqui and Danish Hussain were performing.“I had never seen a woman perform back in the day. But I was not going to step back,” she says.She took her talim from stalwart Dastango gurus like Mahmood Farooqui and Danish Hussain,the latter who she distanced herself from after the infamous sexual assault case came to the forefront.She first performed in 2006 at I Discovery I in Gurgaon, with her Ustaad Danish Hussain.“I was nervous and jittery. Who has the honour of performing their first ever dastangoi with her guru? It went well. I was glad I did not forget any of my lines,” she laughs.Despite having started off my Dastangoi journey, Fouzia continued to work as a full-time lecturer at the State Council of Educational Research and Training in Delhi,a job she later quit in 2014, to pursue Dastangoi full time.While most people think, artists get paid a lot more due to the glamour of their work, Fouzia breaks the bubble saying, “It’s an art form. It won’t get you much money. We find it difficult to make ends meet when tickets don’t go off in off season.”

Apart from Dastangoi, she earns her living by conducting storytelling workshops in schools and colleges. Her source of income has never been Dastangoi in entirety. She also works as a consultant for organisations in the educational and developmental sector.She describes the challenges of the Dastangoi form of storytelling with other forms saying:Having performed over a 100 shows, Fouzia boasts of never having a single listener walk out in the middle of her dastan till date.She expresses her gratitude for the title saying, “I am happy that it helped pave the way for more women to engage in this dying art form of India. I wish to take this oral tradition, especially small cities where it was existent years back but seems to have lost its glory. Till date, this oral tradition is thriving in smaller neighbourhoods. I want to revive it in as many Indian villages as possible.”She expresses the need for government and cultural aid for the platform.Her mantra for success is doing what you are extremely passionate about and keeping the thirst to achieve more in the field alive. Money and fame, she says will fade with time.While she has watched several Dastangos come and go. It’s difficult for most of them to sustain their passion in the long run.“Don’t be seasonal Dastango. Once you decide to step in, you are a dastango for life.”From mental health to communal harmony to feminism, Fouzia has mastered the art of picking the right stories and performing them for her audience in a way that strikes the right chords.People might not listen to a lecture but it piques their curiosity when they listen to it in story form, she believes. Stories have that kind of effect on people after all.Fouzia will soon be performing her upcoming dastan, Dastaan-e-Khusro in November. Needless to say, she is going to win hearts yet again.

(Text Source:The Better India)

Tags: Fouzia Dastango| artist of the 16th-century oral storytelling art|India’s first female Dastango (story-teller)|oremost female dastangoi artiste|Dastango tradition |