For us monsoons is all about hot cup of tea and snacks, retro music in the background and the pitter-patter of the raindrops on your window pane.
But this picture perfect situation goes out of the window as soon as you step out. You need to know about 10 monsoon diseases that you need to look out this monsoon. While some are easily treatable a few can be life threatening.
Most Common Monsoon Disease # 1: Malaria
In the list of top common monsoon ailments, malaria takes the number one spot. Female anopheles mosquito causes malaria; they usually breed in waterlogged areas. Thus, clean your water tank frequently to avoid the risk of malaria. The common symptoms of malaria are fever, shivers, muscle pain and weakness.
Most Common Monsoon Disease # 2: Diarrhea
This is another common ailment during monsoon, which is caused due to unhygienic consumption or handling of foods and water. There are two main types of diarrhea – acute diarrhea and chronic diarrhea. Both of these are highly preventable and treatable. In order to prevent this bowel problem, maintain proper hygiene, wash hands before handling food and drink only boiled water.
Most Common Monsoon Disease # 3: Dengue
Dengue fever is a monsoon ailments caused by mosquitoes. The common symptoms of dengue are fever, body aches, joint pain and rash. Tiger mosquito causes this monsoon ailment. To avoid being a victim of tiger mosquito, use insect repellent and cover yourself properly with clothes.
Most Common Monsoon Disease # 4: Chikungunya
Chikungunya is transmitted by the bite of infected aedes albopictus mosquitoes. These mosquitoes breed in stagnated water and bite during bright daylight. The common symptoms of chikungunya include an abrupt onset of fever, which is accompanied by joint pain. To prevent this monsoon ailment clean your water containers regularly and use insect repellent.
Most Common Monsoon Disease # 5: Typhoid
Typhoid is a water-borne disease, which is on high-rise during monsoon. S. Typhi bacteria cause typhoid, which is transmitted through consuming contaminated water or food. Poor sanitation also causes this disease to spread. The common symptoms of typhoid are fever, headache, weakness, pain and sore throat. To prevent the occurrence of this problem wash your hands regularly, avoid consuming street-side food or water and drink plenty of healthy fluid.
Most Common Monsoon Disease # 6: Viral fevers
However, viral fever occurs during all season, but they are most often during monsoon. The common symptoms of viral fever are mild to severe fever, which can last for 3 to 7 days, along with cold and cough.
Most Common Monsoon Disease # 7: Cholera
Cholera is a deadly monsoon disease. Cholera is usually caused by consuming contaminated food and water. It is also caused due to poor hygienic conditions. Severe diarrhoea with lose motions are the most common symptoms of cholera. One can prevent the occurrence of cholera by drinking clean water and maintain a proper hygiene.
Most Common Monsoon Disease # 8: Leptospirosis
Leptospirosis is also known as Weil’s syndrome. It is caused by contact with dirty water or muck. The common symptoms of leptospirosis are headache, muscle pain, fever, shivers and inflammation. To prevent this monsoon ailment cover your feet completely, when venturing outdoors and treat all kinds of cuts and bruises properly.
Most Common Monsoon Disease # 9: Jaundice
Jaundice viruses are usually spread through contaminated water and food. The symptoms of jaundice are weakness, yellow urine, vomiting and liver dysfunction. Drink boiled water and avoid eating street food, to keep jaundice at bay this monsoon.
Most Common Monsoon Disease # 10: Stomach infection
The monsoon also brings in serious stomach infections like gastroenteritis, which can cause severe vomiting, diarrhea and stomach pain. To prevent stomach problems, avoid eating roadside food, drink only boiled water and drink plenty of fluids.
(Text Source: ‘Times of India’ portal)