Sheela Patel – The federation model of community organizing.


Sheela Patel (born 1952) is the founding director of the Society for the Promotion of Area Resource Centers (SPARC), which she organised in Mumbai in 1984 as an advocacy group for the pavement dwellers of Mumbai. SPARC continues to this day to play a major role in the politics of slum development in India and throughout the Third World. In 2011 she was the recipient of the Padma Shri award, the fourth highest civilian honor in India.